Earning a Minor

At PCA&D, students can pair intensive training in a BFA program with additional specialization in minor programs, helping to tailor their education and stand out in competitive, art-and-design-driven industries. Offering 12 minor programs in a wide range of complementary topics, PCA&D provides students with opportunities to enrich their skill sets and expertise through these options and offers advising and academic support to complete BFAs and minor programs within four years.

Minor programs


18 credits are required from this major. 6 of the 18 must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level.


Required Courses

  • AH 105 Western Art Survey I | 3.0 CR
  • AH 106 Western Art Survey II | 3.0 CR
  • AH 204 Nonwestern Art | 3.0 CR
  • AH XXX Approved AH Elective | 3.0 CR
  • AH XXX Approved 300/400 AH Elective | 3.0 CR
  • AH XXX Approved 300/400 AH Elective | 3.0 CR


Pursuing a minor concentration in business offers many benefits to students, the full impact of which will be felt as they seek employment after graduation. PCA&D students frequently seek careers as industry professionals, individual creators, entrepreneurs, and self-reliant practitioners, and the particular skill sets developed through business coursework will contribute to their success. Additionally, pursuing additional content areas and concentrations communicates to employers that PCA&D graduates have a strong work ethic, possess interdisciplinary flexibility, and have the potential to be an adaptive and versatile professional.

Required Courses

  • BUS 101 Introduction to Business I | 3.0 CR
  • BUS 102 Introduction to Business II | 3.0 CR
  • BUS 200 Accounting and Finance for Non-Majors | 3.0 CR
  • BUS 201 Principles of Marketing | 3.0 CR
  • BUS 300 Entrepreneurship | 3.0 CR
  • BUS 301 Professional Practices | 3.0 CR


Required Courses

    • FVC 201 Communicating through the Arts | 3.0 CR
    • ENG 310 Creative Writing | 3.0 CR

Additionally, 12 credits of the following (3 CR have to be at the 300/400 level)

  • ENG 303 Nonfiction Writing | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 402 Poetry | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 205 The Graphic Novel | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 403 Constructing Secondary Worlds | 3.0 CR
  • AMS 401 Heroes and Villains in American Culture | 3.0 CR


Pursuing a minor concentration in Esports Management offers many benefits to students, many of which will occur as they seek employment after graduation. Completing an undergraduate degree is challenging, but pursuing additional content areas and concentrations communicates to employers that PCA&D graduates have a strong work ethic, possess interdisciplinary flexibility, and have the potential to be an adaptive and versatile professional. As PCA&D students enter increasingly competitive career arenas, the Esports minor (complemented by the Esports team) offers preparation for an exciting growth industry with space for creative thinkers and makers.

Required Courses

    • BUS 101 Introduction to Business I | 3.0 CR
    • BUS 102 Introduction to Business II | 3.0 CR
    • BUS 200 Accounting and Finance for Non-Majors | 3.0 CR
    • ESP 101 Introduction to Esports | 3.0 CR
    • ESP 200 Esports Events & Gaming Technology | 3.0 CR
    • ESP 300 Sports Analytics | 3.0 CR


18 credits are required from this major. 6 credits must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level.


18 credits are required from the humanities distribution area. 6 credits must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level.

Eligible Courses

  • AMS 201 Introduction to Folklore | 3.0 CR
  • AMS 302 American Popular Culture | 3.0 CR
  • AMS 401 Heroes & Villains in American Culture | 3.0 CR
  • AMS 402 Lancaster County | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 203 Introduction to Fantasy Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 204 Introduction to Science Fiction and Horror Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 205 Diverse Voices in Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 303 Nonfiction Writing | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 304 Introduction to Children’s Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 305 Shakespeare from Stage to Screen | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 310 Creative Writing | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 402 Poetry | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 201 Introduction to Theatre | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 201 Acting and Play Production | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 205 The Graphic Novel | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 206 Introduction to Performance Studies | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 305 Mythology | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 306 Linguistics | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 403 Constructing Secondary World | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 201 Survey of Western Music | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 202 Popular Music | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 301 History of Rock & Roll | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 305 Music in the Cinema | 3.0 CR
  • PHL 201 Overview of Philosophy | 3.0 CR
  • PHL 204 Contemporary Issues in Ethics and Morality | 3.0 CR
  • REL 201 Overview of World Religions | 3.0 CR
  • REL 202 The Story of God | 3.0 CR


18 credits are required from this major. 6 of the 18 must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level.


18 credits are required from this major. 6 of the 18 must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level.


18 credits are required from the humanities distribution area. 6 credits must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level.

Eligible Courses

  • ENG 203 Introduction to Fantasy Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 204 Introduction to Science Fiction and Horror Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 205 Diverse Voices in Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 304 Introduction to Children’s Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 305 Shakespeare from Stage to Screen | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 310 Creative Writing | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 402 Poetry | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 205 The Graphic Novel | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 403 Constructing Secondary Worlds | 3.0 CR


This program has been submitted to NASAD for Plan Approval and is under review for NASAD accreditation.

To minor in this program, students must complete a minimum of 24 credit hours from the Core and cognate courses. 9 of the 24 must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level. For more information regarding the LEED BFA and its goals and outcomes, see the section on majors.

Required Courses

Core Courses

  • LEED 101 Introduction to Live Entertainment & Experience Design | 3.0 CR
  • LEED 399 Live Entertainment & Experience Design Capstone Internship | 3.0 CR

Narrative Cognate Courses (Choose 2)

  • AMS 201 Introduction to Folklore | 3.0 CR
  • AMS 302 America Popular Culture | 3.0 CR
  • AMS 401 Heroes & Villains in American Culture | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 310 Creative Writing | 3.0 CR MDS 306 Linguistics | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 203 (3) Introduction to Fantasy Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 204 Introduction to Science Fiction and Horror Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 205 Diverse Voices in Literature | 3.0 CR
  • ENG 305 Shakespeare from Stage to Screen | 3.0 CR

Performance Cognate Courses (Choose 2)

  • MDS 201 Introduction to Theatre | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 202 Acting and Play Production | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 206 Introduction to Performance Studies | 3.0 CR
  • MDS 403 Constructing Secondary Worlds | 3.0 CR

CR Music Cognate Courses (Choose 2)

  • MUS 201 Survey of Western Music | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 202 Popular Music | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 301 History of Rock & Roll | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 302 History of Jazz | 3.0 CR
  • MUS 305 Music in the Cinema | 3.0 CR


18 credits are required from this major. 6 of the 18 must be in courses at the 300 or 400 level.

How to earn a Minor

In order to earn a minor from PCA&D (in addition to your BFA), you will need 18-24 credits in a single concentration. You cannot minor in your major; for example, you cannot major and minor in graphic design. Unless specified otherwise, at least 6 credit hours of the minor must include courses that are at the 300 level or higher. Up to 6 credit hours may come from an internship experience.

Courseload

Typically, students who complete a BFA only will take 120 credits (15 credits a semester). In order to graduate with a BFA and a minor, students may need to complete at least 129 credits (15 credits for 5 semesters and 18 credits for 3 semesters). For example, if a student replaces their GE courses with courses that work toward their minor and take one extra course that works toward their minor in their sophomore, junior, and senior years, they would graduate with a BFA and a minor after 129 total credits. It should be noted, too, that financial aid packages and payment plans cover up to 18 credits per semester.

Studio credits

Students may use the credits (9 credits) typically reserved for studio-based general electives toward the completion of a studio-based minor by replacing GE courses with courses that fulfill studio minor requirements (AGA, FA, GD, IL, PHV, LEED).

General Education courses count

In the case of minors in Art History and the General Humanities, courses that are required for the BFA can count toward a minor. For example, a student must take 5 Art History courses throughout their time at PCA&D; if a student takes 1 more Art History course they can get a minor. The same goes for a minor in the General Humanities.

Who to contact

If you have questions about fulfilling the requirements for a minor please reach out to our Registrar and Career Success Advisor, Chris Wagenheim at 717.396.7833 (x. 1099) or email him at cwagenheim@pcad.edu.